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Mortgage and Real Estate Glossary

Alberta Equity's glossary contains hundreds of terms. With this tool, you can click or search through the largest real estate and mortgage glossary in Canada!

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Gap Insurance
A type of insurance offered to auto lease customers. It pays the difference between what you own and what the vehicle is worth in the event the car is stolen or destroyed.
An amount withheld from your pay and remitted to another party, such as a creditor. You must include in your taxable income any amount that was garnished from your pay, because the full amount of your pay is considered to have been received by you even though some was withheld to pay your debts.
GE Capital
GE Capital is the new CMHC alternative in the Canadian Mortgage Market place. GE Capital like CMHC provides banks/lenders with mortgage insurance. Not to be confused with life or property insurance. In the event of default or foreclosure GE Capital assumes responsibility of the property and reimburses the bank/lender the entire mortgage amount. This insurance is required generally when you have less than 25% equity or down payment. This insurance is paid by the property owner in advance but usually added to the mortgage amount. See also "CMHC."
General Contractor
The person or company that performs work on a construction project, hires subcontractors and suppliers, or both.
Gift From a Family Member
A gift of cash, to a mortgage applicant from a relative by blood or marriage, which the applicant is not required to repay. In some instances it is necessary to provide a written statement to that repayment is not required.
Grace Period
If the credit card user does not carry a balance, the grace period is the interest-free time a lender allows between the transaction date and the billing date. The standard grace period is usually between 20 and 30 days. If there is no grace period, finance charges will accrue the moment a purchase is made with the credit card. People who carry a balance on their credit cards have no grace period.
Gross Debt Ratio
The ratio of the monthly housing payment in total (PIT — Principal, Interest and Taxes) divided by the gross monthly income. This ratio is sometimes referred to as GDS.
Gross Domestic Product
The total value of all the goods and services produced by the Canadian economy in a single year.
Gross Income
Normal annual income including overtime that is regular or guaranteed. The income may be from more than one source. Salary is generally the principal source, but other income may qualify if it is significant and stable.
Gross National Product
The value of all goods and services accruing to Canadians in a given year. It equals Gross Domestic Product, plus income of Canadians from foreign production, less income from Canadian production earned by non-residents (such as interest and dividends paid to foreign lenders).
Gross Overtime
Overtime pay before taxes averaged over previous 24 months. Your overtime must be averaged over two years to be considered monthly income. Overtime earned for less than two years will not be considered.
Gross Profit Margin
The difference between the sales your business generates and the costs you pay out for goods.
Ground Rent
Amount a leaseholder pays periodically for use of land only.
An enforceable warranty on the promise of quality of a product or formal promise by one person to take responsibility for the debts or obligations of another person if that person fails to meet them.
Guaranteed Investment Certificate
An investment in which you deposit money, over a fixed period of time, and are paid a set rate of interest.